Locha Tigre, Botia Tigre o Locha Botia

Perfecto para acuarios grandes

Nombre cientifico: Syncrossus hymenophysa (Bleeker, 1852)

Nombre común: Botia tigre, Locha tigre (ambos compartidos con Syncrossus helodes –antes Botia helodes– lo que puede llevar a confusión, acrecentada por la similitud de ambas especies). Locha tigre verde, Botia de bandas, Locha barrada, Locha rayada.

Nombres locales: “Cá heo” (Vietnam), “Langli” (Indonesia y Malasia) “Pla moo”, “Pla moo kang lai” y “Pla moo lai” (Tailandia).

Llamado erroneamente como Locha Botia

Sinónimos en desuso: Desde el año 2004, con la reorganización del género Botia llevada a cabo por Kottelat, pasa de llamarse Botia hymenophysa a denominarse Syncrossus hymenophysa, en un nuevo género que incluye a las especies Syncrossus beauforti, Syncrossus berdmorei, Syncrossus helodes, Syncrossus hymenophysa y Syncrossus reversa.

Clasificación:

• Orden: Cypriniformes.
• Familia: Cobitiidae.
• Subfamilia: Botiinae.

Biotopo:
Ríos y especialmente lagos con agua cristalina y muy oxigenada.

Distribución:

Asia: Sobre todo Indonesia (Sumatra y Borneo), presencia menor en Malasia y Tailandia.

Forma:
Se trata de una locha esbelta y alargada, que presenta una cabeza de forma cónica y afilada, con la boca muy proyectada hacia adelante.Forma moderadamente alargada y lateralmente comprimida (más comprimida que otras lochas como la popular “Locha payaso”, Chromobotia macracanthus). Presenta una aleta caudal poderosa y tres pares de barbillones en la boca, de los cuales los ubicados en la parte inferior de la boca son muy pequeños. Cuenta con una espina eréctil corta junto al ojo, quepuede extender a voluntad y que le sirve como defensa (se puede enganchar al cogerla con una red). Carece de escamas.

No te fies es agresivo y territorial…

Coloración:
La parte superior del cuerpo es de color parduzco o marrón amarillento, mientras que la mitad inferior es de color amarillo pálido. Los flancos presentan un tono amarillo grisáceo o gris verdoso, y son atravesados por 11 ó más barras transversales, situadas de forma ligeramente oblicua en los flancos. Dichas barras están separadas por zonas más estrechas de color pálido que forman el color de fondo. Las barras verticales no llegan a la parte ventral, que es de color ocre pálido.

Las aletas son amarillentas o verdosas. Las aletas dorsal y caudal muestran finas bandas oscuras en sebtido vertical.

Syncrossus hymenophysa es a menudo confundida con Syncrossus helodes. Se pueden diferenciar especialmente porque esta última tiene puntos en la zona ventral que no existen en Syncrossus hymenophysa. La aleta dorsal de Syncrossus helodes también está punteada (la de Syncrossus hymenophysa presenta grandes rayas y manchas).

Otra manera de difrenciar entre estas dos lochas es que las franjas verticales de Syncrossus hymenophysa en la primera mitad del cuerpo se inclinan hacia atrás (la parte inferior de la franja está más adelantada que la superior), mientras que las de la parte inferior (por detrás de la aleta dorsal) son rectas o ligeramente inclinadas en sentido contrario. En Syncrossus helodes es al revés: todas las franjas se inclinan hacia adelante (la parte superior de cada franja está más adelantada que la inferior).

No existe diferenncia sexual en estos peces.

Aparte de eso hay otras diferencias que podemos señalar entre estas dos botias:
–Syncrossus helodes tiene 10-11 franjas, mientras que Syncrossus hymenophysa tiene de 11 a 15.
–Las franjas de S. hymenophysa están bordeadas de un color azulado iridiscente más intenso y llegan hasta la zona ventral, sin que haya puntos en el vientre.
–Las franjas de S. hymenophysa son más estrechas.

Aunque menos frecuentemente, también se confunde en ocasiones con otra especie, Syncrossus reversa –Roberts (1989)– natural de los arroyos de montaña de Borneo, Java y Sumatra (Indonesia). Esta especie es similar en aspecto a Syncrossus hymenophysa, pero se diferencia en el ancho de las franjas verticales (12-13 en esta especie), que en este caso son más anchas que los intervalos de color claro adyacentes, dando la impresión de ser justo el “negativo” o “inverso” de S. hymenophysa; de ahí el nombre latín de “reversa”. S. reversa carece, además, del punto negro en la aleta dorsal. Aunque están presentes en los mismos sistemas fluviales, nunca aparecen juntas, ya que Syncrossus reversa ocupa las partes altas de los ríos (en las montañas, cuando son arroyos que corren con mucha fuerza sobre fondos rocosos), y Syncrossus hymenophysa cuando los ríos llegan a las llanuras y tierras más bajas, más calmados y con fondos arenosos.

Tamaño:
Hasta 21 cm.

Diferencias sexuales:

No existe dimorfismo sexual en esta especie.

Temperatura:

25º a 30ºC.

Agua:
Agua preferentemente blanda y ligeramente ácida o neutra. KH=3-6ºd y GH=3-12ºd. pH entre 6.4 y 7.4. Cambios de agua frecuentes.

Acuario:
Es un pez agresivo y de gran tamaño, por lo tanto no es apropiado para un acuario comunitario de tamaño medio. También es conveniente mantenerlas en gripos numerosos, donde se mitigue la agresividad territorial y hacia otros peces, pero con muchos escondites donde protegerse de los ataques de los dominantes. El acuario debe de tener un sustrato suave, sin bordes cortantes, afilados o abrasivos, ya que rebuscará en él con sus barbillones. Deben proporcionarse rocas y troncos para que se refugie. Buenos compañeros para esta especie serían otras lochas no agresivas y cualquier especie de barbos, así como otros ciprínidos asiáticos.

Su tamaño puede ser hasta de 21 cm

Alimentación:
Gusanos, larvas, crustáceos, pequeñas gambas, materia vegetal y comida seca (escamas, gránulos y tabletas, conviene que sean altos en proteínas). Debe de ser lo más variada posible. Como otras botias, incluirá caracoles pequeños en su dieta.

Comportamiento:
Es una botia bastante tímida, pero que puede ser muy agresiva (como Syncrossus beauforti o Syncrossus helodes). La agresividad es tanto intraespecífica (hacia sus semejantes) como hacia otros peces. Este comportamiento se diluye si es mantenida en bancos con otros congéneres de su misma especie, aunque también se producen ciertas agresiones de carácter territorial que, si el acuario tiene suficiente espacio y escondites, no pasan a mayores. Si se mantiene un ejemplar en solitario con otros peces, es casi seguro que los atacará.

Con otros peces es muy territorial y echará de muy malos modos a todo pez que penetre en lo que considera su territorio, aunque le doble en tamaño. Lo mejor es mantener a Syncrossus hymenophysa en grupos de 3-5 ejemplares para evitar ataques a otros peces en el mismo tanque. Todas las lochas deben de ser más o menos del mismo tamaño, o las más grandes podrían herir gravemente e incluso matar a las más pequeñas.

Son bastante crepusculares, apareciendo en el acuario preferiblemente cuando las luces se apagan o bajan de intensidad. Si se quiere disfrutar de su comportamiento natural y observarlas mejor, un sistema que haga descender la intensidad de las luces, en lugar de un apagado brusco, es lo mejor.

Reproducción:
No existen informes de su reproducción en cautividad.

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