Gurami Luna

Nombre común:
Gurami Luna, Gurami Luz de Luna, Gurami Plata

Nombre Científico:
Trichogaster microlepis (Günther, 1861)

Familia:
• Orden: Perciformes.
• Familia: Osphronemidae. (Guramies).
• Subfamilia: Luciocephalinae (hasta 2005 estuvo encuadrado en la subfamilia Trichogastinae).

Biotopo:
Arrozales y charcas de Asia oriental.

Distribución:
Vietnam, Camboya y Tailandia.

 

 

 

 

 

Forma:
Cuerpo compactado por los flancos laterales a disposición redondeada; con boca en disposición súpera. Posee un par de barbillones táctiles en la base del vientre.

Coloración:
Plateada con el dorso amarillo, verdoso o azulado.

Tamaño:
Hasta 14 cms. en acuario.

Diferencias sexuales:
No muy marcado pero apreciable, los machos poseen aletas dorsales más puntiagudas que las hembras, además el dorso tiene una forma más redondeada en las hembras siendo más llana en los machos. Las aletas pélvicas de las hembras son amarillas, en los machos rojas o anaranjadas.

Temperatura:
24-29°C.

Agua:
pH 6.5-7.2, GH 4-20°d.

Acuario:
Mínimo 60 lts., poca corriente, la iluminación y la plantación debe ser abundante, pero con plantas flotantes creando zonas de sombra.

Alimentación:
Pez carnívoro, muy voraz acepta fácilmente hojuelas y alimentos desecados, su dieta debe complementarse con alimentos vivos.

Comportamiento:
Pez pacífico, a veces hasta tímido, bueno para acuario comunitario, debe evitarse mantener a dos machos en acuarios menores a 100 lts.

Reproducción:
Es la típica de los laberíntidos que construyen nido de burbujas. Se debe colocar al macho reproductor en un acuario de 40 litros, con buena vegetación y una planta que llegue hasta la superficie, además debe tener plantas y otros objetos flotantes, con los que el macho se ayude para construir el nido, el acuario debe mantenerse a 28°C y las características del agua deben ser óptimas.

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