Gurami Perla


Nombre Cientifico:
Trichogaster leerii (Bleeker, 1852)

Nombre Común:
“Gurami perla”. En inglés “Pearl gourami”, “Diamond gourami” o “Mosaic gourami”. En alemán “Mosaikfadenfisch”.

• Sinónimos y nombres en desuso (no válidos): Trichopus leerii, Trichopodus leeri, Trichogaster leerri, Trichogaster leeri.

Familia:
• Orden:

Perciformes.
• Familia: Osphronemidae. (Guramies).
• Subfamilia: Luciocephalinae (hasta 2005 estuvo encuadrado en la subfamilia Trichogastinae).

Biotopo:
Arrozales y charcas de Asia oriental.

Distribución:
Tailandia, Malasia e Indonesia (Borneo). Probablemente también en Vietnam.

Se citan introducciones de esta especie en Colombia, Filipinas, Florida y Hawaii, habiéndose establecido al menos en los dos prkmeros lugares citados (Fuente, FishBase).

Forma:
Cuerpo compactado por los flancos laterales en forma redondeada; con boca en disposición súpera. Posee un par de barbillones táctiles en la base del vientre.

Coloración:
Es de color amarillo-marrón en el dorso y rojo en el vientre posee una línea negra horizontal que recorre todo el cuerpo por la mitad atravesando el ojo. Se caracteriza por tener un moteado blanco por todo el cuerpo con forma circular que le dan su nombre.

Tamaño:
Hasta 12 cm.

Diferencias sexuales:
Las aletas dorsal y anal de los machos tienen una forma deshilachada en la parte final y rebasan el pedúnculo caudal, en las hembras estas aletas tienen terminación redondeada y son más cortas, además de que estas últimas son menos coloridas que los machos.

Gurami Perla Hembra

Temperatura:
Entre 25°C y 29°C, siendo la óptima 27ºC. Soportan mal las temperaturas fuera de este rango.

Agua:
pH de 6.5 a 7.5, dureza de 5°d a 15°d. Blanda a semidura.

Acuario:
Se pueden mantener en acuarios de 60 litros en adelante, aprecian un acuario bien plantado y con poca corriente en la superficie.

Alimentación:
Acepta todo tipo de alimento, incluidos los comerciales, aunque para que el pez pueda desarrollar todo su esplendor, es muy aconsejable la utilización de alimentos vivos, como artemia, grindall, larvas de mosquito, etc. En caso de no poder disponer de alimento vivo, siempre es recomendable dar una alimentación variada, variando las marcas y teniendo en cuenta que es un animal carnívoro.

Comportamiento:
Es el más pacifico de los Trichogaster y algunas veces se le clasifica como tímido, aunque si se le mantiene en acuarios pequeños es fácil ver como defiende su territorio ante posibles rivales.

En acuarios de más de 100 litros, es fácil verle convivir incluso con otras especies de laberíntidos, como por ejemplo bettas e incluso colisas, eso sí, siempre que el acuario este bien plantado y disponga de refugios y escondites, por si se produce algún enfrentamiento.

Esperanza de vida:
10 años.

Reproducción:
Característica de los Anabantoideos (no es un Anabántido), el macho construye un nido de burbujas y cuida de los alevines hasta que pueden nadar libremente.

Se debe colocar al macho reproductor en un acuario de 50 litros con buena vegetación y una planta que llegue hasta la superficie además debe tener plantas y otros objetos flotantes de los que el macho se ayude para construir el nido. El acuario debe mantenerse a 28°C y las características del agua deben ser optimas.

Cuando el acuario este listo se puede proceder a colocar en él al macho que previamente se habrá mantenido separado de la hembra y se les habrá administrado alimento de calidad (preferentemente vivo) por una semana como mínimo. Sólo así se logrará que la hembra produzca la freza. Cinco horas después de haber introducido al macho (más o menos) comenzará la construcción del nido, al día siguiente se puede poner a la hembra en el acuario, durante los días siguientes se les debe observar para que al momento en que se apareen se pueda retirar con cuidado a la hembra.

Si todo ha resultado bien los alevines eclosionarán a las 24 horas. Se les deberá alimentar con infusorios y rotíferos y posteriormente con daphnia y artemia salina recién eclosionada. A los 7 días de nacidos aceptan hojuelas pulverizadas el macho deberá retirarse al cuarto día después de la eclosión o antes en caso de que sea un mal padre y coma a sus bebes.

Se podrá observar una gran diferencia en el tamaño de los alevines; este efecto se reduce a trasladándolos a partir de la cuarta semana a un tanque donde la población sea de 0,7 litros por alevín.

Comentarios

311 Respuestas a Gurami Perla

  1. Muchos Gracias for your blog post.Thanks Again. Awesome.

  2. Say, you got a nice post.Really looking forward to read more. Fantastic.

  3. wow, awesome blog.Much thanks again. Fantastic.

  4. What as up Dear, are you truly visiting this website regularly,

  5. Perfect just what I was looking for!.

  6. While I was surfing yesterday I saw a excellent post concerning

  7. There is noticeably a bundle to understand about this. I suppose you have made certain nice points in functions also.

  8. wow, awesome article post.Much thanks again. Want more.

  9. There is definately a lot to find out about this topic. I really like all the points you made.

  10. Your positions continually have got a lot of really up to date info. Where do you come up with this? Just saying you are very resourceful. Thanks again

  11. Thanks-a-mundo for the blog article.Really thank you! Really Great.

  12. Wow, wonderful blog layout! How long have you been blogging for? you made blogging look easy. The overall look of your site is magnificent, let alone the content!

  13. canada seo dijo:

    We all speak a little about what you should speak about when is shows correspondence to simply because Maybe this has more than one meaning.

  14. I think this is a real great blog.Really looking forward to read more. Want more.

  15. msn. That is an extremely neatly written article. I will make sure to bookmark it and return to learn more of your useful info.

  16. seo canada dijo:

    Usually I don at learn article on blogs, but I would like to say that this write-up very forced me to check out and do so! Your writing taste has been amazed me. Thank you, quite nice post.

  17. seo dijo:

    Major thankies for the article post. Awesome.

  18. pretty helpful material, overall I think this is well worth a bookmark, thanks

  19. Major thanks for the blog article. Cool.

  20. Thanks so much for the post. Will read on

  21. Thanks for sharing, this is a fantastic article post. Really Great.

  22. I value the blog post.Much thanks again. Awesome.

  23. Say, you got a nice article post. Great.

  24. Keep up the good work i will return often.

  25. Wow! This can be one particular of the most useful blogs We ave ever arrive across on this subject. Basically Excellent. I am also a specialist in this topic so I can understand your effort.

  26. I truly appreciate this article post.Really looking forward to read more. Keep writing.

  27. very nice post, very nice post, i certainly love this fabulous website, go on it

  28. Perfect work you have done, this site is really cool with good info.

  29. Your kindness will be tremendously appreciated.

  30. I value you sharing your viewpoint.. So pleased to get identified this article.. Definitely practical outlook, appreciate your expression.. So happy to possess found this submit..

  31. There is definately a great deal to learn about this issue. I like all the points you ave made.

  32. Very informative blog post. Really Cool.

  33. Would you be serious about exchanging links?

  34. Looking around I like to browse around the internet, regularly I will go to Digg and read and check stuff out

  35. I think this is a real great article post.Really thank you! Keep writing.

  36. adidas nmd dijo:

    There are some interesting deadlines in this article however I don? know if I see all of them heart to heart. There is some validity but I’ll take maintain opinion until I look into it further. Good article , thanks and we would like more! Added to FeedBurner as well

  37. Thanks so much for the post.Really thank you! Really Great.

  38. coupon dijo:

    Awesome post.Thanks Again. Keep writing.

  39. This is a set of words, not an essay. you will be incompetent

  40. You have noted very interesting details ! ps decent web site. O human race born to fly upward, wherefore at a little wind dost thou fall. by Dante Alighieri.

  41. Thanks a lot for the post.Really looking forward to read more. Cool.

  42. adidas nmd dijo:

    Thank you for all of your efforts on this blog. My mom really likes working on internet research and it’s easy to see why. Most people notice all of the dynamic mode you produce very helpful guidelines by means of this blog and cause response from others on the idea plus our simple princess is starting to learn so much. Enjoy the rest of the year. You’re carrying out a stunning job.

  43. Evropski dijo:

    Jalantikus.com Download Game PC dan Android Gratis Terbaru dengan server lokal

  44. Very good article! We are linking to this particularly great content on our site. Keep up the great writing.

  45. Right away I am ready to do my breakfast, once having my breakfast coming yet again to read additional news.|

  46. Your style is very unique in comparison to other folks I ave read stuff from. I appreciate you for posting when you have the opportunity, Guess I will just book mark this site.

  47. My spouse and i ended up being absolutely delighted when John managed to conclude his investigation from the precious recommendations he got from your own blog. It’s not at all simplistic to simply continually be offering tactics that other people could have been making money from. Therefore we acknowledge we now have the website owner to give thanks to for that. Most of the explanations you’ve made, the easy website menu, the relationships you make it possible to promote – it’s got most wonderful, and it’s really assisting our son and our family consider that that issue is thrilling, which is extremely pressing. Thanks for the whole lot!

  48. My wife and i ended up being quite happy Edward managed to complete his web research while using the precious recommendations he acquired when using the weblog. It is now and again perplexing to simply continually be offering tips and tricks which others could have been trying to sell. We really know we now have the blog owner to appreciate for that. These illustrations you have made, the easy website menu, the friendships your site aid to instill – it is many excellent, and it’s letting our son in addition to us recognize that that article is cool, which is certainly tremendously important. Thanks for the whole lot!

  49. I’m just writing to let you understand of the wonderful encounter my cousin’s girl experienced using your webblog. She learned too many details, most notably how it is like to possess a marvelous giving mindset to let most people really easily fully grasp chosen complex topics. You truly exceeded people’s expectations. I appreciate you for presenting such productive, dependable, educational and easy thoughts on this topic to Janet.

Deja un comentario

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada.

>