Gurami Chispa

Una rara variedad de Gurami y uno de los más pequeños de su género, lo que lo hace ideal para acuarios comunitarios o asiáticos con compañeros tranquilos

Nombre común: Gurami pigmeo o Gurami Chispa

Nombre Científico: Trichopsis pumila (Arnold, 1933)

Familia:
• Orden: Perciformes.
• Familia: Osphronemidae. (Laberíntidos).
• Subfamilia: Macropodinae.

Biotopo:
Arrozales.

Distribución:

Sudeste asiático (Thailandia, Laos, Indonesia)

Forma:
Típica del genero, muy parecido a los bettas, posee dos barbillones táctiles en la base del vientre, boca en disposición supera.

Coloración:
Fondo gris salpicado de escamas verdes, una sola linea recorre su cuerpo de forma horizontal y sobre ella algunos puntos negros, al ser adultos el colorido gris de fondo casi desaparece y se torna totalmente verde.

Tamaño:

Difícilmente supera los 5cm.

Diferencias sexuales:

Las aletas son mas largas y terminadas en punta en los machos.

Temperatura:
25-28°C

Agua:
pH entre 6 y 6.8, GH alrededor de 6 hasta 12ºd.

Acuario:
A partir de 30 litros, es un pez que se siente mas a gusto en pequeños grupos (5 como mínimo) , el acuario debe ir acorde al biotopo y poseer abundante vegetación, troncos y plantas flotantes. Como compañeros de acuario son recomendables otros miembros del genero así como otros peces pacíficos y tranquilos.

Alimentación:
Es recomendable administrarles insectos y otros alimentos vivos (larva de mosquito, artemia y daphnia son buenas opciones), aceptan bien alimentos comerciales y escamas.

Comportamiento:
Pacifico, incluso tímido al principio, acostumbra esconderse entre las plantas de acuario hasta que se ha adaptado a este.

Reproducción:
La típica de la familia, el macho construye un nido de burbujas en el que se depositan los huevos y posteriormente reciben cuidados paternales. Para la reproducción es necesario un tanque pequeño (10 lts) desnudo, con plantas flotantes y poca corriente en la superficie, en el se coloca al macho para que haga el nido y después se pone a la hembra para que se efectúe el cortejo, muchas veces el éste suele ocurrir en el acuario comunitario de una forma muy discreta.

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