Barbo Aurelius, Barbo Eurelius

Bonito Barbo para tener una coleccion de Barbo completa….

Nombre Cientifico: Puntius arulius (Jerdon, 1849)

Nombre común: Barbo Arulio, Barbo de aleta larga. En Ingles Aurilius Barb.

Clasificación:
• Orden: Cypriniformes.
• Familia: Cyprinidae (Ciprinidos).

Biotopo:
Habita en ríos y lagos.

Distribución:
Asia Oriental: (India) Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Rio Cauvery, Y El Rio Tambraparani.

Forma:
Alargada, caracteristica de los ciprinidos.

Coloración:
Los machos adultos tienen diferentes tonalidades, desde amarillo brillante, hasta marron brillante pasando por tonos de verde especialmente tono oliva. Poseen 3 manchas en la parte posterior del cuerpo. La primera en la base de la aleta dorsal, la siguiente en medio de la aleta dorsal y caudal la ultima en la base de la aleta caudal. Los aletas caudal y anal en los machos al llevar la madurez sexual toman tonos naranjas y rojizos.

Tamaño:
8.0 – 12.0 cm.

Diferencias sexuales:
Tipica de este genero, las hembras un poco mas grandes y anchas que los machos, los tonos verdes y rojizos siempre presentes en los machos adultos. Una caracterisita especial de esta especie es que los machos al alcanzar la madurez sexual desarrollan una especie de penacho en la aleta dorsal muy parecido a la especie de ciclidos americanos.

Temperatura:
24 y 28 grados.

Agua:
6,0 – 7,5 .

Acuario:
Es recomendable mantenerlos en acuarios de buen tamaño 200 litros aproximadamente, para obtener un buen crecimiento de esta especie, tambien por sus habilidades como nadador. Se sienten bien en acuarios con corriente de leve a moderada. Deben ser mantenidos en grupos de por lo menos 5 ejemplares..

Alimentación:
Omnivoro, come alimento seco, pero aceptara con gran agrado el alimento vivo que se le brinde, especialmente peces de tamaño pequeño.

Comportamiento:
Pez supremamente activo y gran nadador, principalmente en la porción media del acuario; muy voraz, constantemente persigue a otros barbos que se encuentren compartiendo su territorio. Es supremamente rápido y tiende a golpearse contra los cristales del acuario si este es muy pequeño o se manipula recurrentemente estresandolo mucho.

Reproducción:
Se tienen muy pocos de reproduccion en cautiverio, pero se estima que la reproduccion se logra con ejemplares adultos, separados en trios de 2 hembras y 1 macho, con la temperatura unos grados mas alto de lo normal ( 27 – 29 ºC ). Tambien el pH un poco mas bajo simulando la temporada lluviosa. Importante alimentar a los padres con alimento rico en proteina y vitaminas. La puesta puede durar hasta 2 horas. Una vez el macho fertiliza los huevos se debe retirar a la pareja o trio y colocar aireacion en el acuario de cria. Los huevos eclosionan despues de 72 horas aproximadas. De 1 a 3 dias despues han consumido su saco vitelino por lo que es vital estar preparado con nauplios de artemia, daphnia o agua verde para su alimentacion.

Ficha realizada por: Camilo Sanchez
Colaboradores: Hans Brache, allan(Alien)

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