Enfermedad del Terciopelo


Síntomas: El cuerpo del pez parece estar recubierto de una película aterciopelada y amarillenta. También cubre las aletas. El pez se agita por dificultades respiratorias, sus ojos se anublan y frota su cuerpo contra las rocas en busca de alivio. Cuando las agallas están atacadas se observa hemorragias, infecciones, y destrucción de tejido. En casos graves la piel puede separarse en flecos. Los peces enflaquecen. Es común que aparezca insuficiencia respiratoria, que los ojos se anublen y que los peces se rasquen contra la decoración.terciopelooodiniose-oodinium

Características: Esta enfermedad es caudada por los parásitos llamados piscinoodinium. Los cuales echan raíces en la piel de los peces para alimentarse de ellos.

· Cambios bruscos de temperatura para luego mantenerse en 23 a 25 ºC

· Introducción de peces nuevos sin pasar la cuarentena, por lo que no se sabe si posteriormente desarrollaran la enfermedad.

· Peces fatigados y faltos de defensas.

· Se desarrollan mejor en aguas viejas poco renovadas, por lo que es recomendable hacer cambios de agua frecuentes.

· Introducción de plantas infectadas, por lo que se aconsejable desinfectarlas bien.


terciopelo 2


Tratamiento: El primer paso es tapar la pecera y dejarla sin luz. Esto debilitará al parásito.. Si tiene filtro en el acuario, no lo desactive. Sólo quite el carbón activado para que no elimine el producto químico del agua.

Se pueden emplear los siguientes medicamentos como tratamiento:

  • Metronidazol: a razón de 1 gr por 100 litros (puedes conseguirlo en farmacias).
  • Sulfato de cobre: tratamiento delicado dado que puede resultar toxico para los peces: Se preparara una disolución madre con 1 litro de agua destilada, 4 gr. de Sulfato de cobre, 2,4 5 gr. de ácido cítrico. Subir temperatura a 31º ó 32º, (ojo, no todos los peces soportan estas temperaturas) aumentar oxigenación, añadir 20 ml de la solución madre, por cada 100 litros, durante tres días, al finalizar cambio parcial de agua. Si no mejora repetir tratamiento con 3 días de descanso. Vigilar que los peces no boqueen en la superficie, lo cual sería un síntoma de intoxicación.
  • Sal (NaCl) al 3 %: se harán baños de unos 15-30 minutos o hasta observar que el pez comienza a sentirse incómodo. Repetir diariamente hasta la completa desaparición del parasito.
  • Verde malaquita: se usan dosis de 1 gota por cada 5 litros de agua, partiendo de una disolución madre de 0.751 %. Seguir los mismos pasos que en el caso del ICH o punto blanco.
  • Azul de metileno: se preparara una disolución madre al 5 % y se utilizaran 1 o 2 gotas por cada 5 litros de agua. Es mejor utilizar un acuario hospital, ya que en el comunitario, la materia orgánica presente en el fondo absorbería el medicamento. Tampoco se puede utilizar filtro, bastara con un aireador. El tratamiento durara de 3 a 5 días, se descansaran 3, se hace un cambio de agua y se volverá a repetir el tratamiento hasta que desaparezcan los síntomas, manteniendo el agua en todo momento entre 24-27 ºC. En el caso de utilizar colorantes orgánicos, se recomienda oscurecer el acuario ya que estos se degradan con la luz. Este oscurecimiento incluso puede favorecer el debilitamiento del parasito, ya que el Oodinium presenta clorofila, y por lo tanto realiza la fotosíntesis. Al igual que ocurría con el ICH se puede intentar erradicar esta enfermedad con un aumento de temperatura ya que con ello se aceleraría el ciclo reproductivo del patógeno y podremos eliminarlo antes de nuestro acuario. En este periodo de tiempo se harían cambios de agua frecuentes, para ir eliminando en la medida de los posible las formas libres y los posibles quistes que se hayan desprendido. El aumento de temperatura dependerá de la especie a tratar.
  • Tratamientos comerciales específicos para acuariofilia: Oodinopur,de Sera; Oodinol,de JBL; Aquarisol,de ICA. Para casos leves, Odimor, de Aquarium Münster; Anti-oodinium,Ectoparasites treater y Anti-ectoparasites tabs(pastillas),de Azoo.



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